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The History



THE ORIGIN OF THE PEMBROKE WELSH CORGI.

It is impossible to set forth the history of the Pembroke without discussing his cousin to the north, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. A cursory look tells you the two breeds have much in common, both long in body and low-stationed, having relatively short legs. Their heads are similar too, but the Cardigan�s prick ears have rounded tips, while the Pembroke�s erect ears are pointed.

The big difference, obvious to even a small child, is the Cardigan has a long tail while the Pembroke appears to have none!

The history of both Corgis, like so many other breeds of dogs, is obscure and subject to debate. Some historians believe their history is interwoven: others believe they are quite separate.

There is even a disagreement about the origin and meaning of the name Welsh Corgi. Some believe the term Corgi is derived from the word cur, meaning �to watch over�.

Other experts believe corgi was the Celtic word for dog and, at the time of Norman Conquest (1066), corgi or curgi meant cur or mongrel. Others theorise that cor is Welsh for dwarf, and gi is a form of the Welsh word ci, meaning dog.

This make sense since these dogs had many dwarf characteristics, i.e. the long body and foreshortened limbs. The English used the name Heeler, referring to the Corgi�s method of driving the cattle by nipping at their heels, for both Cardigans and Pembrokes.

In the late 1800s in Wales, the short-leggend, long-backed cattle dogs were known as Welsh Cur. It was at this time that the breed was first exhibited at Welsh agricultural shows under the classification of Cwn Sodli, Curs or Heelers.

Corgis were first exibited officially in England in 1925 all Welsh Corgis, Pembrokes and Cardigans were shown together as one breed until 1934, when the (British ) Kennel Club separated the two breeds.

Pembrokes were first registered with the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1934 .

Public awareness of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi grew when, in 1933, the Duke of York (who became King George VI) acquired a Pembroke for his daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret.

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of England has maintained her interest in the breed throughout her life, and several lovely Pembrokes still grace Buckingham Palace.

PERSONALITY AND CHARACTERISTICS

At first glance, the relatively small size, high intelligence, athleticism, and attractive foxy appearance of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi seem to make him an ideal canine companion.

With the right owner, the Pembroke is a wonderful dog. But before you decide to get a Pembroke, remember that the Welsh Corgi is not for everyone.

The Pembroke is a dog that thrives on companionship and will do best with an owner who wants a canine buddy, not just a decoration.

Although the Pembroke is energetic, he adapts well to city or suburban life provided he gets daily outdoor walks and the occasional run.

As puppies and adolescents, Pembrokes can be very inquisitive and even destructive, especially when teething, so training control, and exercise are especially important for the young dog.

Mature Pembrokes are usually responsible dogs, but they still need companionship, activity, and fun in their lives.

The Pembroke�s temperament is a direct result of his heritage. A working dog needs to follow direction but also needs to think and act independently when necessary.

Pembrokes enjoy doing all sort of �jobs� including obedience, agility, tracking, learning tricks with which to entertain you and your friends, useful skills such as retrieving the morning paper on your slippers, or therapy work � anything that require mental focus and physical activity.

Pembrokes can be wonderful companions for children, but they must be taught from the beginning that the children are their social superiors.

Pembrokes are sensitive, social animals. Sentencing a Pembroke to a lonely life in the backyard is not only cruel but will usually result in a variety of behavior problems, including barking, digging, jumping and sometimes aggression. Pembrokes who live as part of the family make the best companions.